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   【焦點議題】美國退出巴黎氣候協議
 作者 : assistant  日期 : 2017/6/4    範疇 : 議題探究   分類名稱 : 巴黎氣候大會    回覆/觀看 : 0 / 2900       (相關資料,歡迎登入下載)

《巴黎氣候協議》(Paris Agreement)重點
為遏制全球溫室氣體排放,2015年195個國家簽署了《巴黎氣候協議》,與之前的《京都議定書》(Kyoto Protocol)不同,巴黎協定是沒有約束力的,所以每個國家可以根據國內情況制訂自己的計劃,並根據情況變化作出調整。如果沒有實現宣稱的目標,也不會受到懲罰。協議是希望通過國際壓力和外交手段逐步加強這些政策。
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Copyright Policy
 

This is the official Copyright Policy ("Copyright Policy") for hkliberalstudies.com ("Site," "we," "us," or "our"), an Internet website managed by QQ Development Limited. This Copyright Policy sets forth the copyright of hkliberalstudies.com content and procedures undertaken by hkliberalstudies.com to respond to notices of alleged copyright infringement from copyright owners and terminating the accounts of repeat infringers and does not cover any other procedures, for any other purpose, or the procedures of the Parent Companies or any subsidiaries and affiliates of hkliberalstudies.com and the Parent Companies (collectively, "Affiliates"), or any other company, unless specifically stated.

 

This Copyright Policy is a part of the terms and conditions which are set forth in our Terms of Use Agreement. Any terms that are not defined in this Copyright Policy shall have the meaning given in the Terms of Use Agreement. Both the Terms of Use Agreement and this Copyright Policy are legally binding on all users.

 

We take protection of copyrights, both our own and others, very seriously. We therefore employ multiple measures to prevent copyright infringement over this Site and to promptly end any infringement that might occur.

 

Restrictions on use
Materials on this site are protected by international copyright and trademark laws. You may not modify copy, reproduce, republish, upload, post, transmit, or distribute in any way any material from this site including code and software without express permission from us. You may download material from this site for your personal, non-commercial use only, provided you keep intact all copyright and other proprietary notices.

 

Specific restrictions on use of material
Text, photo, graphic, audio, and/or video material shall not be published, broadcast, rewritten for broadcast or publication or redistributed directly or indirectly in any medium. Neither these materials nor any portion thereof may be stored in a computer except for personal and non-commercial use. We will not be held liable for any delays, inaccuracies, errors, or omissions there from, or in the transmission or delivery of all or any part thereof or for any damages arising from any of the above.    

 

License to hkliberalstudies.com
By posting messages, uploading files, inputting data, or engaging in any other form of communication through this service, you are granting hkliberalstudies.com a royalty-free, perpetual, non-exclusive, unrestricted, worldwide license to:
- Use, copy, sublicense, adapt, transmit, publicly perform or display any such communication. Sublicense to third parties the unrestricted right to exercise any of the foregoing rights granted with respect to the communication.
- The foregoing grants shall include the right to exploit any proprietary rights in such communication, including but not limited to rights under copyright, trademark, service mark or patent laws under any relevant jurisdiction.

 

Disclaimer
hkliberalstudies.com has provided links and pointers to Internet sites maintained by third parties. Neither hkliberalstudies, its parent or subsidiary companies, nor their affiliates operate or control in any respect any information, products or services on these third-party sites. The materials in this site and the third-party sites are provided "as is" and without warranties of any kind either express or implied. To the fullest extent permissible pursuant to applicable law, hkliberalstudies disclaims all warranties, express or implied, including, but not limited to, implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. hkliberalstudies does not warrant that the functions contained in the materials will be uninterrupted or error-free, that defects will be corrected, or that this site, including bulletin boards, or the server that makes it available, are free of viruses or other harmful components. hkliberalstudies does not warrant or make any representations regarding the use or the results of the use of the materials in this site or in third-party sites in terms of their correctness, accuracy, timeliness, reliability, or otherwise. You (and not hkliberalstudies) assume the entire cost of all necessary maintenance, repair, or correction.

 

Limitation of liability
Under no circumstances, including, but not limited to, negligence, shall hkliberalstudies, its subsidiary and parent companies or affiliates be liable for any direct, indirect, incidental, special or consequential damages that result from the use of, or the inability to use, hkliberalstudies materials. You specifically acknowledge and agree that hkliberalstudies is not liable for any defamatory, offensive or illegal conduct of any user. If you are dissatisfied with any hkliberalstudies material, or with any of hkliberalstudies's terms and conditions, your sole and exclusive remedy is to discontinue using hkliberalstudies.

 

How to Send a Notice of Copyright Infringement
If you are a copyright owner (or the owner's authorized agent) and have a good-faith belief that material on our website infringes one of your copyrights, you may notify us using this procedure. In order for us to process your notice of copyright infringement, it must be sent to the address below and must include the information specified below. When we receive a notice under this procedure, we will expeditiously remove or disable access to the material that is claimed to be infringing or to be the subject of infringing activity.

Send your notice of infringement to our designated agent for receiving such notices:
Email Address: admin@hkliberalstudies.com

 

DO NOT SEND ANY INQUIRIES UNRELATED TO COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT (e.g., REQUESTS FOR TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE OR CUSTOMER SERVICE, REPORTS OR E-MAIL ABUSE, etc.) TO THE CONTACT LISTED ABOVE. YOU WILL NOT RECEIVE A RESPONSE IF SENT TO THAT CONTACT.

 

Your notice of infringement must be a written communication provided to the agent designated above that includes substantially the following information:

(1) A physical or electronic signature of a person authorized to act on behalf of the owner of an exclusive right that is allegedly infringed.

 

(2) Identification of the copyrighted work claimed to have been infringed, or, if multiple copyrighted works on our Site is covered by a single notification, a representative list of such works on our Site.

 

(3) Identification of the material that is claimed to be infringing or to be the subject of infringing activity and that is to be removed or access to which is to be disabled, and information reasonably sufficient to permit the service provider to locate the material.

 

(4) Information reasonably sufficient to permit the service provider to contact the complaining party, such as an address, telephone number, and, if available, an electronic mail address at which the complaining party may be contacted.

 

(5) A statement that the complaining party has a good faith belief that use of the material in the manner complained of is not authorized by the copyright owner, its agent, or the law .

 

(6) A statement that the information in the notification is accurate, and under penalty of perjury, that the complaining party is authorized to act on behalf of the owner of an exclusive right that is allegedly infringed.

 

WE CAUTION YOU THAT IF YOU KNOWINGLY MISREPRESENT THAT ONLINE CONTENT IS INFRINGING, YOU MAY BE SUBJECT TO HEAVY CIVIL PENALTIES. THESE INCLUDE MONETARY DAMAGES, COURT COSTS, AND ATTORNEYS FEES INCURRED BY US, BY ANY COPYRIGHT OWNER, OR BY ANY COPYRIGHT OWNER'S LICENSEE THAT IS INJURED AS A RESULT OF OUR RELYING UPON YOUR MISREPRESENTATION. YOU MAY ALSO BE SUBJECT TO CRIMINAL PROSECUTION FOR PERJURY.

 

How to Send a Counternotice If Your Posting Was Removed in Response to a Notice of Infringement and You Believe the Posting Is Not Infringing
As explained above, if we receive a notice of infringement sent to our designated agent with the information described above, we will expeditiously remove or block access to the material that is claimed to be infringing. We will also send a notification to the user who posted the material, at the email address provided by the user in connection with his or her account with us, telling the user that the material was removed or access to it was blocked because of claimed infringement.

 

If you are a user who posted material that was removed in response to a notice of infringement and you believe that material was removed due to mistake or misidentification, you may request that we replace the posting by sending us a counternotice as follows:

 

- You must send the counternotice to our designated agent for receiving notices of infringement, whose name and contact information is above.

 

- Your counternotice must be a written communication sent and must include substantially the following information:
(1) A physical or electronic signature of the subscriber (you the
user).

 

(2) Identification of the material that has been removed or to which access has been disabled and the location at which the material appeared before it was removed or access to it was disabled.

 

(3) A statement under penalty of perjury that the user has a good faith belief that the material was removed or disabled as a result of mistake or misidentification of the material to be removed or disabled.

 

(4) The user's name, address, and telephone number, and a statement that the user consents to the jurisdiction of the judicial area in which the service provider may be found, and that the user will accept service of process from the person who provided notification of copyright infringement or an agent of such person.

 

When we receive a counternotice that complies with these requirements, we reserve the right, but not the obligation, to restore the material that was removed after forwarding a copy of the counternotice to the person who sent the notice of infringement and waiting at least 10 business days. If, during those 10 business days, the person who sent the original notice of infringement notifies us that such person has instituted a suit to seek a court order to restrain the user from infringing activity relating to the material on our website, we will not replace the material. Otherwise, we may repost the material at our discretion. However, pursuant to the Section of the Terms of Use Agreement entitled "Postings", we retain the right to remove, block access to, or not restore material at any time for any reason without any liability to the posting user. In particular, a user who sends a counternotice pursuant to this Copyright Policy expressly acknowledges and agrees that we shall not be liable to the user under any circumstances for declining to replace material.

 

WE CAUTION YOU THAT IF YOU KNOWINGLY MISREPRESENT THAT ONLINE CONTENT IS NOT INFRINGING, YOU MAY BE SUBJECT TO HEAVY CIVIL PENALTIES. THESE INCLUDE MONETARY DAMAGES, COURT COSTS, AND ATTORNEYS FEES INCURRED BY US, BY ANY COPYRIGHT OWNER, OR BY ANY COPYRIGHT OWNER'S LICENSEE THAT IS INJURED AS A RESULT OF OUR RELYING UPON YOUR MISREPRESENTATION. YOU MAY ALSO BE SUBJECT TO CRIMINAL PROSECUTION FOR PERJURY.

 

Repeat Infringer Policy
We have a policy of terminating the accounts of repeat infringers. A repeat infringer includes any user who has made two or more Postings for which we receive a notice of infringement under this Copyright Policy. Each user agrees that if his or her account is terminated pursuant to this Copyright Policy, the user will not attempt to establish a new account under any name, real or assumed, and further agrees that if the user violates this restriction by opening a new account after being terminated pursuant to this Copyright Policy, the user shall indemnify and hold us harmless for any and all liability that we may incur therefor.

 

Sole Statement: This document is the sole statement of the Copyright Policy with respect to this Site, and no summary, restatement or other version thereof, or other statement or policy, in any form, including, without limitation, machine-generated, is valid.

 

This Copyright Policy was last modified on December 1, 2008 and is effective immediately.

 

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iSAYINGS You cannot swim for new horizons until you have courage to lose sight of the shore.
-- William Faulkner, Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix
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